~ The Magical Use Of Cascarilla ~


While cascarilla is not something you would find among the many supplies of a Wiccan or occult practioner, cascarilla is an important ingredient found among the practioners of Curanderismo, Espiritismo, hoodoo, Palo, Santeria and Vodou as a well known source of protection, tool of invocation, purifications and cleansings.

Cascarillia’s roots can be traced back to West Africa where the practioners there used what is called efun, sacred white earth.  When they were brought over in the slave trade they had to find a substitution which they did in a large tropical shrub.  They would finely ground the outer bark which possessed a nearly white color and over time was transitioned out to using crushed egg shells.

Cascarilla is used to ward off negativity no matter the source, used to draw symbols of protection upon doors, window sills, person’s body and seals everything off to immaterial creatures and antagonistic forces, harmless ones as well.  When crushed into powder form in can be sprinkled into floor washes when mopping or rubbed over the entire surface of a coconut and starting at the back of the house all the way to the front door rolled around to cover every inch of your dwelling to pick up negativity.  It is included in spiritual baths and is also used in Palo to draw Firmas of the spirits when doing spiritual works.

In Vodou it can be used to draw the veves of the Loas being called upon and just like in Palo, washed away with liquid that is poured over it but since Vodou has its own way of making veves it is ever rarely used.

Copyright © 2002 – Present Ye Olde Dark Arts

All Artwork And Information Seen On This Website MAY NOT be copied, edited, published, reproduced, transmitted nor uploaded in anyway without written consent and approval. My images ARE NOT for the public domain to use. All my work is REGISTERED and PROTECTED under International Copyright Laws. All Rights Reserved

~ Babalu-Aye – Orisha of Disease and Health ~



PALO ASSOCIATION: Pata en Llaga or Kobayende


AREAS OF INFLUENCE: Diseases, Healing and Infirmaties

Two iron dogs, a pair of crutches, noise makers, a sheaf of palm leaves tied with sackcloth and adorned with cowrie shells, white dogs with yellow spots, flies and mosquitoes.

BEVERAGES: Dry white wine, milk for his dogs.

COLORS: Royal purple

DAYS OF THE WEEK: Wednesday and Friday

FAVORABLE NUMBERS: 710 820 530 440

FOODS: All types of grains, such as rice, wheat, corn, beans, chickpeas, and barbanzos, popcorn covered with palm oil, nurnt bread, roast corn on the bob, green coconuts, garlic, onions, smoked fish and possum.

FRUITS: Dates and raisins.

GARMENTS: Crimson and Burlap

GEMSTONES: Bloodstone, Jaspers, Lepord Skin Jasper, Snowflake Obsidian, Quartz, Tanzanite

HERBS: Cundiamor, artemisa, romero, salvia, zarzaparilla, cardo santo, cana brava, albahaca morada, zalgazo, zazafras, paote, ajomjoli, bledo blanco and romerillo.


NECKLACE: He has several necklaces according to his various paths but the most common is made of blue beads with white stripes.


SACRIFICES: Pigeons, roosters, guinea hens, quails and bearded He-goats.

TABOOS: Sesame Seeds, peanut shells and his symbols must never touch water

TRADITIONAL COLORS: Earth tones and Brown

Asojano is the Orisha of the epidemics that hover over the lands. Asojano also know as Babaluaye or Acronica brings diseases, infections of the skin and other sicknesses whether terminal or non terminal onto humankind. Asojano is said to be a man that walks around on his crutches with abscess and other skin disorders on his body. He wasn’t like that before legends say but that is how he is now. Asojano was entrusted by Olofi after his punishment to inflict these epidemics onto the earth. He is said to be one of Olofi’s wrath and through his actions we suffer. 

He is also the Orisha of discrimination. Due to his sickness and the epidemics he has conflicted on him, many people outcast him and did not want anything to do with him. They would throw water at him when he would try to approach them, which is an offense to Asojano in now days. He is also seen as a beggar. That’s what he disguises himself as to test and see how the heart of man is. When you fail that test, Asojano usually brings epidemics and sickness to your life. Whether it is directly to you or the closest person or thing to you. He is the epidemics that happen to the world in an instant. The people that are inflicted with these epidemics are said no to be victims, but are now his messengers to show the world that he does exist and to have respect for Olofi and him. 

Asojano does not like water on him due to the discrimination he received. The only water he can receive is coconut water. He does not go out in the day time because the rays of Olorun burn his skin that is infected. Rather, Asojano goes out at night and its there where he begins his work either releasing his wrath of epidemics on man or relieving and aiding epidemics on man. In the house of his followers, Asojano is received with a clay tureen that his secrets are kept. He is kept somewhere hidden where the light does not hit him. Asojano is received also with 2 cachas (bracelets made of goat skin and burlap) and an ajà (broom made out of dried palm branches) in which he uses his ajar to swat away the flies and mosquitoes that follow him everywhere he goes. He is also received with his personal Elegua, Eshu Afra, and Nanu. 

Asojano was exiled from Yoruba due to the epidemics and plague that followed him. The people were terrified and disgusted of him so they banished him. Chango led Asojano to the land of Mahoney/Benin accompanied by 2 dogs that were gifts from Chango and Asojano was received with open arms. There he was made king and the lands progressed. He was treated fairly with love and respect and no one discriminated against him. 

Pataki of Asojano 

The beautiful Asojano was in his house one afternoon resting from last nights rendezvous he had with one of his many mistresses. He was a ladies man and was very handsome. He decided to go pay his friend Orula a visit to see what the oracles of Ifa would tell him. He grabbed his shirt and started his march to Orula’s house. He began to walk and came across Elegua who was sitting on the sides of the roads drinking some rum. Asojano stopped and greeted Elegua and they talked for a little while. Asojano as always gave Elegua some candies to enjoy himself with his rum. Elegua asked Asojano where was he going and Asojano replied to him that he was going to visit Orula to see what Ifa could tell him. He wanted to know how his life was going and Orula was the best bet for him. Asojano said his good byes to Elegua and kept on his journey. 

Asojano was walking and came across the river where he sat down to take a breather. Suddenly the river goddess Oshun appeared to him and he bowed his head to her. Asojano was always intrigued with Oshun and knew she was one of the loveliest orishas ever. Oshun told Asojano that she saw him the night prior and how he was seducing every woman there. Asojano blushed and told Oshun that he loves the scent of a woman and is always in need of comfort from a woman. Oshun laughed and agreed because she to loves to flirt and party and told him that she had to tend back to her waters and she will see him later. 

Asojano made it to Orula’s house and was greeted with some wine and they started to talk. Orula was setting up his table for divination and started to pray to cast the oracles. Asojano sat down in front of Orula and Orula started to speak to Asojano. Orula told Asojano that he was a good man but Olofi didn’t like how he was conducting his life here on earth. Asojano looked confused and asked Orula to be clearer. Orula told Asojano that his of sexual tendencies every night was not good and disrespectful. Orula went on and told him that Olofi was watching how every night, Asojano had a different woman in his bed and there was no respect for himself none less his mistresses. Asojano asked Orula if there was anything he could do to please Olofi and Orula said yes. Orula told him that Olofi wanted him to refrain from having any type of sexual relationship for 3 months to purify himself. Asojano agreed and he knew that Olofi’s word was law and that he would do anything to pacify and honor Olofi. 

A few months went by and Asojano was doing what Olofi told him. He refrained from going to parties and having flings with different mistresses that he knew. That same day he heard of a party that was going to take place and he knew that he had to be one of the attendants. So Asojano freshened up and looked for his best clothes to wear to the event. As the sun started to set, Asojano got dressed and went to the party. Before you know it, Asojano was drinking and having a blast. He was socializing with everyone and temptation started to kick in. Towards the end of the party, he found himself talking to a beautiful woman who he invited back to his home. She agreed and they both were back in Asojano’s home making love in his room. 

The morning came and Olorun was shining brighter that ever upon the earth. Asojano opened his eyes and was still holding the woman in his arms. He stretched and the woman opened her eyes and when she did she noticed there was a smell coming from the room. She sat up to look at the gorgeous Asojano and she started to scream because Asojano’s body was covered with sores and open wounds. She got out of the bed, grabbed her clothes and ran out the door. Asojano stood up and noticed the sores and smell that was coming from his body. He ran out of his house and everyone noticed his sores and they started to shush him away. The people were throwing water at him and rushing him to leave their door steps. Every time someone threw water on him alongside with the heat from the sun it burned his skin. Asojano did not know what the cause of this was and he started to hobble out of town due to the pain he had in his legs. 

He grabbed a stick and hobbled from town to town where he was treated the same way. Asojano grew hungry and even that he was denied from the villagers. There was nothing he could do but he remembered that this could be from the wrath of Olofi. He fell in between a patch of cundeamor (special herb for Asojano) and started to pray for forgiveness. Olofi listened to his words but did not forgive him. Asojano continued his journey from town to town begging for food and facing discrimination from everyone until one day he dropped and fell dead. His spirit was rising to the foot of Olofi while his body was thrown behind a rock. 

Days went on and the all of Asojano’s mistresses were talking and saying how they missed the attractive Asojano and that they wish he was here making them feel happy and good. Some of them went to the side of the rivers and they poured their heart out into the river. Oshun who is the owner of the river and emotions heard there plea and saw how these women really missed Asojano. So she took it upon herself and she went to visit Olofi in his castle. 

When she arrived at Olofi’s castle she greeted her father and received is blessings. Olofi told her that he knew the reason why she came and Oshun looked at Olofi with sorrowful eyes. Oshun expressed the love that the people had for Asojano on the earth. Olofi told Oshun that yes Asojano was a good person but he was too promiscuous and that he warned Asojano that he would punish him if he didn’t do what was promised. Ochun begged Olofi for Asojano’s forgiveness. Olofi looked at Oshun with a smile and told her that she will give Asojano his life back only because the people and his lovely daughter miss him on the earth but he was to return under one condition. Oshun asked what was the condition and Olofi told her that he will return but his epidemics and sores will continue to follow him. Olofi told Oshun that he will make Asojano an orisha but his ache will be to fight discrimination and to bring or heal epidemics from the lands. He will nurture and heal the sick or he will punish all who discriminate against the sick and needy. Oshun bowed her head to Olofi and accepted the conditions. 

Olofi called for Asojano to stand before him. Asojano stood before him and Olofi told him that he would return his spirit back to the land. He told him that he was doing it because his daughter Oshun requested it because he was missed on the lands. Olofi told Asojano that he would make him an orisha and that he was to heal the sick. He also told him that the ashe that he was installing on him was to punish the ones who discriminate and to heal those who were sick. Asojano bowed before Olofi and it was there that Olofi made him an orisha. 

Oshun journeyed down to where Asojano’s body was at and she waited for the arrival of his orisha spirit. Once Asojano’s spirit reached his body, he stood up and greeted Oshun. He thanked Oshun for her request and understood the task he was installed to do from Olofi. He said that he would be the wrath of Olofi and he will look after humankind and watch over all who are sick. He proceeded to go to village to village healing the sick and punishing the wrong doers with sickness and epidemics. 

Asojano’s feast day is December 17th. He is from the land of Dahomey. Asojano is petitioned when one is sick with an epidemic. He doesn’t like water to be placed in front of him. The only water he likes to be placed in front of him or on top of him is coconut water. It is cool and refreshing for him. His sacrificial foods are goats, roosters, pigeons and guinea hens. When Asojano eats Chango must eat due to a pact that they have when Chango lead Asojano to his land. Asojano has many children on this earth. His mysteries were consecrated on the heads of his followers but those traditions have been lost. Only a few people know the mysteries of doing this powerful ceremony. Today he is done through Yemaya. As to say Yemaya oro Asojano. His children are very solitude individuals and are always making sure they are kept well. They are very spiritual and they can heal spiritually. In Palo Mayombe he is associated with Pata Llaga 

On Asojano’s feast day there are many parties and festivals going on in his name. They give him his sacrificial foods and proceed to do an awan (cleansing) with consists of many, many plates with different types of dry beans, grains and vegetables from the earth. This cleansing is done in the dark and the offerings are taken to the woods. Asojano has many paths which are listed below. I do not know the different meanings of the paths but if I do get them I will list them here on his page. 

Paths of Asojano 


One of the common paths of Asojano’s known. He is said to have traveled the world healing the sick from epidemics. His color is brown, onyx and white with blue stripes. 

Babá Aribó 

This is the path of Asojano that Chango picked up and lead him to his town where he ruled. His color is white with red stripes, onyx and brown. He takes the wooden tools of Chango also in his tureen. 


This path of Asojano is said to be the one that brings the bodies to the cemeteries. He is associated with the funeral hearse. His color is all black. 




Baba Odè 


Ano Yiwe 

Dassano Molu 







Sememo Maya 


Nanu is part of the Arara family of Asojano. She is the wife of Asojano and she is the one that aids and nurses Asojano. She walks alongside him when he is in his epidemic mode. Nanu is said to also help Asojano deliver the cadavers to ile Ikú (cemetery). She is received with Asojano and Afra. Her mysteries are kept in a black terra cotta pot just like with Asojano. She resides in Dahomey alongside with the family of Asojano. Her color is entirely black as she is represented by a dark woman dressed entirely in all black. She as any Asojano family takes an Aja as well. Her Aja is usually curved to form 2 breasts. In some houses, Nanu’s color are black with white beads that have dark lines on them. Her sacrificial foods are the same as Asojano and she does talk to her children through divination of her own shells. Usually when one works with Asojano, Nanu is also petitioned as she never leaves his side.


Copyright © 2002 – Present Ye Olde Dark Arts

All Artwork And Information Seen On This Website MAY NOT be copied, edited, published, reproduced, transmitted nor uploaded in anyway without written consent and approval. My images ARE NOT for the public domain to use. All my work is REGISTERED and PROTECTED under International Copyright Laws. All Rights Reserved

~ The Spiritual Uses Of Colognes and Perfumes ~


*The © information provided below is part of the many lessons taught to the members of Ye Olde Dark Arts Coven-Tradition and Students of our Correspondence Courses.*


Sometimes another form of ritual purification is needed in the form of floral-scented Colognes and Toilet Waters to rid an area of bad spirits, attract or pay homage to good spirits and to refresh those who are suffering from psychic distress.

There are many that are used in spellworks and rituals but the ones most used are Florida Water, Kananga Water, Kolonia 1800, 4711 Cologne, Hoyt’s Cologne, 7 Swords of St. Michael, Rose Water Cologne, Orange Blossom Cologne.

The most popular and widely used of these is Florida Water which was first introduced in 1808 in the US.  It was named after the legendary “Fountain of Youth” which was said to be in Florida and it is reported to soothe fevers, cure headaches,ease aching muscles, remove negativity of a person and items and the strong magickal properties makes a must-have for practioners of Espiritismo, Hoodoo, Palo, Santeria and Vodou.

Some colognes are named for a specific purpose like One Drop of Luck Cologne, Money Drawing, Jockey Club, Indian Spirit, Go Away Evil, Court Case and Fast Luck Cologne. Full bottles may be placed on altars as offerings to the spirits, added to floor-washes, sprinkled around the room, used to wash amulets, lucky charms, ceremonial tools and splashed on the body. To use them for magical purposes they would need to be prayed over in order to consecrate them.

A small amount can be added to bath water in addition to crystal baths that have the same energies to give it an extra kick or used by itself. The full bottles can be placed on the altar as an offering to Saints, Orishas, Lwas, Nkisis and placed on your Boveda when incorporating them into the ritual and also a bit is mixed into a bowl with a bit of water and blueing that is used to cleanse practioners gathered at a spiritual mass that is common in Espiritismo.

Below is a list of colognes and their uses:

1800 KOLONIA NATURAL: Added to all baths

1800 KOLONIA GARDENIA: Added to love baths and sprinkled around room for same purpose

1800 KOLONIA LAVENDER: Added to baths used to promote passion, romance, harmony, friendship, and cooperation with a lover.

1800 KOLONIA ORANGE: Used for spiritual services and to attact love and money.

1800 KOLONIA ROSE: Added to baths used for love

1800 KOLONIA SANDALWOOD: Used in spiritual and cleansing work

1800 KOLONIA TOBACCO: Use with Black Candle Tobacco ritual before going to court

1800 KOLONIA VETIVERT: Used in love, protection, and money works

1800 KOLONIA VIOLET: Used in spells to heal a broken heart, bring back a lost love and to attract a new love to you.

7 SWORDS OF SAINT MICHAEL: Wear to receive the protection of Saint Michael.

7X7 ASTRAL COLOGNE: This cologne contains 49 different fragrances and is applied prior to sleep to aid in astral projection

AGUA MARAVILLA: Used prior to spiritual works and sprinkle around room to enhance mediumistic powers

ALCOLADO 7 POTENCIA: Use as an offering to the Seven African Powers

ALCOLADO KITAMAL: Used to remove jinxes and hexes

ALOCOLADO PATCHOULI: Use to attract money and love and to remove jinxes

ALCOLADO ST. MICHAEL: Use as an offering to St. Michael

ALCOLADO VENCEDOR: Use for success and winning in all things

ATLANTIC CITY COLOGNE: Wear prior to going gambling for better chances at winning.

CHANGO MACHO COLOGNE: Wear to gain protection from the Orisha Chango and can also be given as an offering to the Orisha.

COME TO ME COLOGNE: Wear to attract money, job, love, all the good things in life.

COURT CASE COLOGNE: Wear prior to going to court also can be given as an offering in spellwork regarding court cases.

DON DINERO COLOGNE: Wear to attract people of wealth to you.

FAST LUCK COLOGNE: Use to improve your luck.

FLORIDA WATER COLOGNE: Used for spiritual services, purification, and cleansing.

FOLLOW UP COLOGNE: Use once a week after initial cologne to refreshen

GO AWAY EVIL COLOGNE: Use this cologne to get rid of all evil.

HOYT’S COLOGNE: Famously reputed for bringing great luck in gambling and used to dress Mojo and Ouanga Bags.

INDIAN SPIRIT COLOGNE: Used by those who call upon Blackhawk or other Native ancestor spirits.

INDIAN TOBACCO COLOGNE: Wear to gain help from the Indian spirits.

JALA JALA DRAWING COLOGNE: Use to draw all good things to you.

JINX REMOVING ALCOHOL: Wear and sprinkle about to remove jinxes.

JOCKEY CLUB COLOGNE: Used for gambling luck and to remove jinxes

KANANGA WATER COLOGNE: used for spiritual services, purification and memorials to the dead.

KHUS KHUS COLOGNE: Used in love, protection, and money work

LA MADAMA COLOGNE: Apply and sprinkle about room prior to readings in enhance your psychic abilities.

MONEY DRAWING COLOGNE: Wear to draw money fast.

MONEY HOUSE BLESSINGS COLOGNE: Sprinkle around home or business to have and keep a steady cash flow.

OPEN ROAD COLOGNE: Wear this cologne to help open your path.

ORANGE BLOSSOM COLOGNE: Used for spiritual services and to attract luck in love and money.

PATCHOULI COLOGNE: Used for money and love attracting as well as jinx breaking.

REVERSIBLE COLOGNE: Wear to reverse jinxes or sprinkle around business to remove jinxes placed on your business.

ROSE COLOGNE: Wear to attract love.

SPIRITUAL HELP COLOGNE: Increase your spiritual strength.

STEADY WORK COLOGNE: Wear to keep current position at work or sprinkle around business to attract customers.

STRONG LOVE COLOGNE: Wear this cologne to attract a lover.

SUPERIOR 70 COLOGNE: Use when feeling down or depressed to lift your spirits up.

UNA GOTA DE SUERTE COLOGNE: Used to bring luck.

Florida Water, Kananga Water, Rose Water, Orange Blossom Water and Hoyt’s Colognes all originated in the 19th century or earlier as commercial formulas and can be generally purchased in spiritual supply stores, occult shops, Spanish Botanicas and wholesalers. We at Ye Olde Dark Arts create our own brand of Florida Water along with many other types of spiritual perfumes, colognes and waters which can be found on our Colognes/Spiritual Waters Page.

Copyright © 2002 – Present Ye Olde Dark Arts

All Artwork And Information Seen On This Website MAY NOT be copied, edited, published, reproduced, transmitted nor uploaded in anyway without written consent and approval. My images ARE NOT for the public domain to use. All my work is REGISTERED and PROTECTED under International Copyright Laws. All Rights Reserved

~ Francisco and Francisca – Spirits Of Espiritismo ~


Francisco and Francisca – Spirits Of Espiritismo

*© Excerpts From A Section Of My Completed Student Course Book Section “Mi Cuadro Espiritual” Which Is Given To My Students When They First Join Ye Olde Dark Arts Coven-Tradition*

The images you see above are those of Los Negros Francisco and Francisca, two spirits that many practioners of Espiritismo have in their Cuadro Espiritual or spiritual quadrant.  There are many different variations of Espiritismo:

Kardec Spiritism

Scientific/Table Espiritismo

Espiritismo Cruzado

Espiritismo De Cordon

Puerto Rican Espritismo

Puerto Rican White Table

Espiritismo Santerismo (Puerto Rican Santeria)

While these various forms of Espiritismo have their roots in Kardecian Spiritism as outlined in his book “The Spirits Book” others follow from “The Mediums Book” which is widely used in Brazil and Canada where Kardec Spiritism is a recognized religion.

Some of the practioners will use the prayers from his book “Collection of Selected Prayers” while others will opted to minimize its use as they find some of the prayers derogatory, self-effacing or degrading in nature since some of the prayers refer to being a sinner and unworthy of the gifts that GOD has bestowed upon them. Below is a list of books written by Allan Kardec should you wish to study his philosophies further:

The Spirit’s Book

The Book On Mediums

The Gospel According To Spiritism

The Genisis According To Spiritism

Heaven And Hell


Copyright © 2002 – Present Ye Olde Dark Arts

All Artwork And Information Seen On This Website MAY NOT be copied, edited, published, reproduced, transmitted nor uploaded in anyway without written consent and approval. My images ARE NOT for the public domain to use. All my work is REGISTERED and PROTECTED under International Copyright Laws. All Rights Reserved

~ La Boveda Espiritual – Spiritual Altar ~


Morticia’s Boveda decorated for Ye Olde Dark Arts Coven-Tradition’s Festival Of Souls October 31 2006 with her spirit dolls on both sides of the Boveda

© Excerpts From A Section Of My Completed Student Course Book  Section “Mi Cuadro Espiritual” Which Is Given To My Students When They First Join Ye Olde Dark Arts Coven-Tradition*


The Boveda is NOT ONLY a sacred space where we can connect with our spirit guides and protectors but also a power center where various spirit servers of common interests converge whose powers can be evoked by the devotee.  Your Boveda is a place for you to meditate, pray, desquitarte and also a tool to pick up negative vibes throughout your house as well.

Depending on the house you are involved in will come about the way your Boveda will be constructed as some houses have 1, 7, 9, or 21 cups.

The meanings and representations of the cups will also vary as well.  For some the cups represent the KNOWN nations of the spirits within the cuardo espiritual (Spiritual Quadrant) while others will have a set designation for the cups.  The cups represent the delegations of spirits which are:

The Congo/African
The Gypsy
The Religious
The Warrior/Indian
The Healers
The Angelic
The Magicians/Witches

This is an example of a set designation of the cups which will vary slightly from house to house:

1) Main Cup – Large brandy snifter type of glass placed in the middle for your spirit guides
2) Eggun or Familiar Spirits: Family Members that have passed (NOT PETS)
3) Spirits Of Labor: The Spirits that work with you
4) Protector Spirits: Spirits that assist your labor spirits to protect and defend you
5) Spirits In Need: Spirits in need of thought and prayer
6) Obsessor Spirits: Spirits that can obsess us into fanaticism, (Keep Them In Check)
7) Fe, Esperanza Y Caridad (Faith, Hope and Charity): One Of The Principles of Spiritism

In My House we have seven cups, three on either side and the Main Cup in the center that represents “El Santisimo” or your Protector Spirit.  “El Santisimo” refers to the Catholic Terminology “El Santisimo Sacramento” or in English “The Blessed Sacrament” referring to the Eucharist, Corpus Cristi being the Feast Of The Body Of Christ.

The Corpus Cristi is the Santisimois.  It is the white bread wafer (only after it has been blessed), Before that is is simply called “Hostia.”  Sancity is a Catholic word and found in the Catholic Catechism meaning “Holiness.  In non Catholic Christian refers to the “Holy Of Holies” the place where the Arc Of The Covenant was placed.

“The Most Holy, could be construed to refer to the Godhead, For the Boveda El Santisimo cup is a sacred cup representing God.  Some Espiritistas look at it like the larger cup being the main spirit guiding or controlling the other spirits represented in the small cups.  The main larger cup being in the middle and the smaller cups surrounding the larger cup as a representation of protecting you from the front, back, and the sides thus forming and invisible protecting shield.

The list above is not set in stone simply because with very individual the spirits change.  The main cup which is used to crown you will be a cup slightly different from the rest and will have a crucifix placed in it afterwards.  It is recommended that you first do a Misa De Investigasion or Spiritual Investigation to determine the identity of some of your spirit guides and their applications, so that the attention given to them will be optimal.

You should also pay close attention to your intuition because you can receive messages from them to put some extras on your Boveda as time goes on.  During your time in front of your Boveda you will pray to your ancestors, spirit guides, teachers and advisors for health, stability and spiritual guidance for you and yours from God, Jesus, The Virgin Mary and all the spiritual beings around you.

To construct a Boveda one will need the followings items listed:

1) Square, round or rectangular table
2) Plain white tablecloth
3) 6 clear* PLAIN clear or brandy glasses and one slightly bigger glass that goes in the middle
4) A small or medium size crucifix or plastic rosary that will go in the Main Cup
5) A candle holder
6) White Candles dipped in Holy water at a Catholic Church
7) Candle snuffer
8) Flower vase
9) Florida Water or Kolonia 1800
10) Holy Water From A Catholic Church
11) Incense burner
12) Swisher Sweets Cigars Or Cigarrillos
13) Small Plate and Cup for Food Offerings, a shot glass for liquor
14) Ash tray
15) Collection of Selected Prayers by Allan Kardec
* These glasses CANNOT be colored, have markings, engravings or fancy decorations, they MUST BE PLAIN.  Also do not get glasses that are too thin otherwise they will break when you wash them and you will be making alot of trips to the store to replace them so make sure that the glasses have a bit of thickness to them.  I have found that the Anchor Hocking Brand is the best*

First you will to select a space that is quiet where family members will not bother you and where your pets will not knock things off your Boveda so preferably an area that family and friends don’t frequent.

There are places where you CANNOT have your Boveda and they are the bedroom, in front of a mirror and the closet.  Why do you ask, because the spirits would not find your sexual escapades of interest aside from the fact that they would be offended. The mirrors reflects everything backwards as well as the fact that they can be used as portals and unless the closet is completely empty and is not located in the bedroom so you don’t start a fire by lighting candles.

Also another important piece of information is to not like I have seen people do because they think it “looks cool” is put a mirror tabletop on top of the white table cloth then put the glasses on it. BIG NO NO.  If a spirit asks for a mirror then you may place one BUT always either place it facing mirror side down or cover it with a cloth, NOT A BLACK CLOTH.  Since this is your first time setting up a Boveda you must first sweep, mop, vacuum and dust your entire house aside from the area where you will set up your Boveda and get rid of any broken items or junk from your house.

Once this is done open up all the windows and doors to your house (unless its winter of course) and burn a bit of Frankincense and sprinkle or spray Holy Water to purify the area (DO NOT use Cedar, it is a taboo to do so) then place the table, wipe it down with a solution of Florida water and Holy Water and allow it to dry before placing the white table cloth.  YES kiddies it HAS TO BE PLAIN OLD WHITE, not green, red, purple or any other color from the crayon box or with fancy decorations on it. Why white you ask, because in African Traditions white is the color of the dead so what better way to start your connection correctly than by using the correct color.

Next you will take your glasses and wash them with either a bit of ammonia, bleach or a solution of White Rum and Florida Water and a bit of dish detergent and allow them to either air dry or dry them with a fresh clean dish towel.  Now place the glasses in a row and add one small mint leaf in each glass then light a cigar or cigarillo and blow smoke into each glass.  If one of your glasses should break you will have to repeat this step with the new glass every time you replace it before adding it to your Boveda.  Now run your cold faucet and allow it to run for a few minutes to make sure the water is really cold then beginning with the small glasses first fill each one up almost to the top but not to the rim to avoid having the water run over which is another NO NO then place them on the Boveda with the Bigger cup in the center adding the crucifix inside the glass then the other six around it forming a circle then to the left and right two small white candles.

You are probably asking “Why do you have a crucifix on your Boveda?”  The cross is not just a image of worship but a symbol of hope, faith and charity which is what Jesus practiced during his walk on earth.  The cross does have magical influence against evil.  A reminder to them of how Jesus conquered death and Evil itself and Jesus did not call us to join a religion but to be religious; he called us to be his disciples and follow his lead example.  The cross is not about religion; it is about relationship with God and your fellow brothers and sisters. So when faced with darkness, doubt, fear or being attacked by dark influences remember these words as an Espiritista working El Campo Espiritual: “For he has said ‘never will I leave you; never will I abandon you,’ therefore we can with confidence, ” the Lord is my helper; I will not be afraid. What can anyone do to me” (Heb 13.5-6)

Knowing the Power of the Cross, Demons, evil spirits fear Christ: “And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made public spectacular of them, triumphing over them by the cross.” (Jn14:30)

“Many came to him that were demon possessed and he drove out the spirits with a word and healed all the sick” (Co 12:15)

“I have given you authority to trample on snakes and scorpions and to overcome all the power of the enemy; nothing will harm you.” (Matt 8:16)

As the examples above clearly state, that is the reason WHY we have a cross on our Boveda.  You should have a crucifix placed on or in your large glass.  Beside it representing ” El Santisimo”, it will let the spirits that walk the earth know that your Boveda is strictly in harmony with GOD Almighty and the good of mankind.  It is believed that without the cross you allow yourself to be open to muertos (oscuro, dark, low class spirits) to invade your sanctuary being your Boveda and to approach with maybe not so good intentions and this can cause serious harm to you and your family.  Only spirits of peace, love and unity will approach your Boveda when called upon in times of prayers, devotions and supplications.

Now back to the construction of the Boveda, add the flower vase with the white carnations then light the white candles and ask your Spiritual Court to protect you from all evil around you, from those that wish you harm, to guard your head and the thoughts and that your steps be firm and secure.

Now you will sit in front of your Boveda and for the rest of the week pray, meditate ans seek guidance from your spirits, with time you will be able to distinguish between the spirits talking to you and your own thoughts and develop your mediumistic abilities BUT ONLY if you continue to sit daily to pray and meditate. After the first week is over take the water from your Boveda, a few petals from the flowers and some fresh sage leaves and make a spiritual bath from it.  Clean your glasses and refill with cold water then you arrange the glasses in two rows with the Main Glass in front then a white candle in front of the Main Glass.  Should you notice that the water looks mirky, milky and filmy before the first week clean out the glasses and refill them anew.

This is a sign that there is a lot of negative energy around you that is being collected and that blockades in your path are being lifted, the muertos are warning you of trouble, gossip, misunderstandings, conflict, physical or spiritual attacks or danger, that there maybe stagnation of energy in your home, a muerto oscuro maybe around you or a loved one, you could have an enemy within the religion or are trying to weaken your guides and protectors, that your guides and protectors are hard fighting hard and are being depleted quickly.  During this time you have to do your part and change out the water to refresh them so they can regain their strength back and also let your Padrion/Madrina know of this so that a reading can be done to determine the exact cause and if a Rompimento (breaking) is needed.  The position of your cups might also have to be changed to either attack or defense.

Once you have changed out the water make sure that you keep an eye out for changes and pray a series of prayers as instructed by your Padrino/Madrina as well as to keep a white candle lit at all times until the cups go back to normal.  You will also need to cleanse your house and yourself both physically and spiritually. Before starting prayers, you will take the Florida Water and pour a bit into your hands, dab a bit on the back of your neck, your arms, then passing downward throughout your body as you have been taught to do in order to desporjarte (cleanse yourself).  Once you are done you will knock three times on your Boveda.  You will spend anywhere from 10 minutes to half an hour praying daily.

There are offerings that you will place on your Boveda on a weekly bases:
Red Wine
Florida Water
Food Offerings
White candles

With regards to food offerings you can take a small portion of whatever you have cooked and offer it to them then throw it away the following day.  When presenting yourself to your Boveda it is important to salute your spirits, this is done by extending the index and middle finger of both hands and tapping three times on your Boveda.  When you visit the house of another Espiritista and especially your Padrino/Madrina you must also pay homage to their spirits with this salute.  Each Boveda is the spiritual and artistic representation of each individual so two Bovedas will never look alike.

When you set up your Boveda you will notice that there are bubbles in the cups, the bubbles can mean one of the following:

1) Energy is rising with the spirits
2) They are working on something
3) The spirits are  trying to connect with you and are giving you signs
4) They could just be happy
5) Bubbles in the main cup alone while the others are still means they are extremely happy.

These are the meanings that were taught to me and will vary from house to house. I also teach this to my students/godchildren. This is also a first level initiation in my Coven-Tradition before they move further to the inner circle.   You will need to change out the water every few days depending on how much of a milky film develops in the glasses but for the most part the water needs to be changed once a week, preferably on the same day that you set it up.  Now in my Coven-Tradition we put colorful flowers and decorations as the seasons change and fest days come about but I want to STRESS the importance of following the instructions of your Padrino/Madrina’s house.

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~ Shango – Orisha Of Drumming, Dancing, Thunder, Fire, Male virility, and Leadership ~




ANIMALS: Cats, both large and small, Cardinals, Golden Tamarin Monkeys, Red Siamese fighting fish, Turtles

AREAS OF INFLUENCE: Life, Virility, Justice, Protection, Magick, The Element of Fire, Lightning and Thunder, Drumming


Double-edged ax, beaded or painted in red and white; the Oshe Change, a largecup where he prepares his magic spells known as bilongos; a maracca or ashere; a sword; a dagger; a mace; a machete (all his battle impliements are made of cedar wood); a pair of ram horns; a set of 18 cowrie shells for divination

BEVERAGES: Aguardiente, Red Wine.

COLORS: Red and White

DAYS OF THE WEEK: Fridays and the 4th of every month


FEAST DAY: December 4th

FOODS: hot/spicy foods, tamales, corn bread, his favorite food is amala, made with cornmeal and palm oil. Okra is also sacred to him and sometimes his amala is made with twelve pieces of okra. He does not accept rum like Eleggua, Oggun and Ochosi, but he is partial to very dry red table wine, known in spanish as vino tino. He will not accept cigars as an offering. When he takes possession of one of his initiates, he will literally eat the embers of any cigar that is smoked in his presence.

FRUITS: Red Apples, Red Bananas, Bananas, Pumpkins, Pomegranates

GARMENTS: Red with Gold Trimmings

GEMSTONES: Fire opals, carnelian, gold, diamonds

HERBS: Zarzaparilla, jobo, alamo, almacigo, paraiso, quita maldicion, cedro, flamboyan, laurel, corn, algarrobo, platano, ruda, rompesaraguey,jaguey and rosa de Jerico.

MINERALS: Stone Arrowheads, Ruby

NECKLACE: Alternating red and white beads, but some of his paths call for more spectacular designs. One of the most popular is made of six red beads followed by six white ones.

NUMBERS: Four and Six

OFFERINGS: Bitter kola (orogbo) and palm oil. Among the Yoruba the orogbo are used as a divination system to speak directly with Shango.

SACRIFICES: Roosters, rams, turtles, turkeys, lambs, quail, guinea hens and young bulls

TABOOS: Cigars, rum

TRADITIONAL COLORS: Red and white and gold

Chango is one of the most talked about and most favorable orisha of Santeria. Chango also know as Shango, Sango, Alufina, Xango in Brazil, was a great warrior. He is the orisha of the thunder and thunderbolt. He is the thunderbolt that falls from the sky upon the land. When you hear the loud sound of thunder roaring through the heavens, it is Chango that is riding his white horse looking to serve justice. Chango is seen as a tall handsome man with an extreme physique. He is always dressed in satin outfits with his tiger skin wrapped around him. His crown is always firm on his head and it is always shining. His colors are red and white and in the home of a priest, he lives in a wooden batea (vessel), where his secrets and implements are kept. Chango loves to dance and he knows how to hype up a party. When he arrives, the party has just begun as he will dance and impress everyone that is there. He is also the owner of the bátá drums (the double headed drums in Santeria). When he finishes his dance, he is quick to grab the drums to show his skills.

Chango is a womanizer. He loves to flirt with all women. His dance is very seductive in which he uses to seduce his woman onlookers. Chango had many relations with females from every village. Maybe out of all the orishas he had the most with all and any woman. He had 3 wives that he loved dearly, each for their own special characteristics. Ochun, Obba and Oya. He loved Ochun for her flirtatious and cunning ways, as she kept the lust between them. Whenever Chango needed that spark for lust he will look for Oshun sometimes at a festival where should we be dancing and flirting amongst all the orishas. Oshun would bedazzle him with her exotic dance. 

Obba he loved dearly for she was the way a wife is idolized. The relation he had with Obba was so pure that he made her his legitamate wife and queen of his village in Oyo. She was the one who tended to his every need and made sure that the king was satisfied as the way he should be as well with her cooking as she knew how to get to a mans stomach. She kept the castle clean and organized and for that Olofi created the first marriage to be recognized. Due to a trick by his jealous mistress Oya (before Oya and Chango were married), Obba did something so disgusting that the king never forgave her and that ended their marriage. 

Last Oya, who he stole from his brother Ogun, loved because she did not fear anyone. Oya was the one that gave him that life and spark that he needed. She always surprised him. She was a warrior that could stand right next to the king Chango. She would go with him into any and all battles that Chango had. It is said that Oya would ride on her horse first before any battle that Chango had. If you look today, when a storm is approaching, lightning which is also Oya, flashes across the sky, then soon after you will hear the sounds of Chango’s horse galloping through the skies which is the thunder. If you’re lucky enough, you will also see Chango throwing a thunderbolt down to the earth. 

Pataki of Chango 

One day the great orisha Chango was playing the bátá drums in a nearby village. Chango as usual was beating the drums and he had the party going. He would take a heavy drink of his oti and beat harder and faster on the drums. Everyone was dancing and enjoying themselves. Yemaya came to the festivities and she was dancing and enjoying herself alongside with everyone present at the party, while Elegua who was already there was talking and playing tricks on the villagers. Elegua left the party for a moment and arrived back as it was finishing with some gossip that he had seen. When the party finished he called his good friend Chango over and told him the gossip that he saw. 

Elegua told Chango that he left and stopped at Obatala and Yembo’s house to see how they were doing. He told him that he was talking to Osun (the last orisha received alongside with “The Warriors” represented by a rooster standing on a silver stick) about situations that were occurring in Obatala’s house. Elegua as devious as he is started to give Osun oti to see if he could keep talking. Just as he planned, Osun talked and talked and told Elegua what was going on. He told him that Ogun would come to the house drunk when Baba (another form to call a father orisha) was not there and speak rough to his mother Yembo. Osun went to say that this has been happening for awhile now and that today out of all days, Ogun came very drunk. As the two were conversing Ogun came by staggering and swaying his machete. He walked right past Elegua and Osun and did not even see them. He barged into the house and grabbed Yembo. He started to rip off her clothes and threw her onto the bed where she and Obatala lay. Yembo who was helpless, screamed and called for help. Right before Ogun could mount her, the great Osagrinan (a path of Obatala) appeared. He screamed out to Ogun to stop and to get out. Ogun out of shame left to the woods never to stop working for his actions that he did. Elegua who saw this was very upset that Ogun violated Yembo and the great Obatala. 

Chango hearing all of this from Elegua was in a rage and he knew that his friend Elegua wouldn’t lie about this as he knew that Elegua knew all. His rage turned into fury to hear the disrespect Ogun did to there mother Yembo. He immediately jumped on his horse and rode to the house of Ogun. When he arrived he saw that Ogun was not there but he did see the beautiful Oya wielding the new sword that her husband Ogun made for her. He has seen her in many festivals and at the marketplace but never spoke to her because of the relationship she had with his brother Ogun. Chango had a spark in his eye and proceeded to walk up to Oya. When Oya saw Chango she kept her eyes off of him as she too was infatuated with Chango but never dear follow the situation, because she was faithful to Ogun. Chango fixed his shirt and moustache and approached Oya with a great swag. 

Oya could not resist his swag and she looked at him directly into his eyes. She was in a trance as she noticed the gleam in the irresistible Chango. Chango asked for his brother in which Oya told him that he has not been home for hours. Chango asked Oya for a drink of oti and Oya immediately ran and gave it to him. She knew that he was a king and whatever the king wanted he must have. Oya gave him his drink and Chango took a sip of it and placed in on the table. Oya asked him if there was anything else that he requested. Chango smiled and grabbed Oya very softly and gave her a kiss. Chango’s passion rose from within him straight to his lips that now caressed the lips of Oya and she fell at that moment in the arms of Chango. The great king made passionate love to Oya in Ogun’s house. The same disrespect that he tried to perform on his mother Yembo would be the same disrespect he would perform in the house of his brother Ogun. 

Hours later Ogun arrived to his house, ashamed of his actions toward his mother and father. He was picking up his tools to begin work as that was his punishment he put on himself in front of his father Obatala and Olofi. He noticed that the house was empty and his wife Oya was no where in sight. He called for her but there was no answer. He noticed that there was an empty cup on the table with some left over oti in it and wondered whose it was. Ogun baffled, went to his room and noticed the bed was in a mess. Since he had been drinking heavily he did not register on what he was seeing. When he came out of the room, he saw his friend Elegua sitting by the door. He asked Elegua what happened and Elegua with a stern voice reminded him on the shameful act that he did today. Ogun who was hung over did not want to remember what happened earlier but wanted to know what happened to his wife Oya. Elegua smirked and told him a tooth for a tooth and an eye for an eye. Ogun did not know what Elegua was saying asked him what was he talking about. Elegua told Ogun that where ever Chango is at, Oya is very near. Ogun now put the pieces together, grabbed his machete and charged out of his house running to the house of his brother Chango. 

Ogun ran and ran all the way to the gates of Chango’s castle. He demanded to be let into the kingdom. Chango’s guards notified Chango of the noise that Ogun was making outside. Chango stepped on his balcony and asked Ogun what was the ruckus and disrespect he was doing outside of his house. Ogun said the disrespect was he Chango coming to his house and taking his wife Oya. Chango brought Oya onto the balcony and showed her to her husband. Ogun’s rage grew more and demanded Chango to release her. Oya told Ogun that she was not there by force but on her own will. Ogun stated to her that she was under a potion that Chango gave her. Oya told Ogun that Chango did not give her a potion and this was a day that she yearned for since the first time she saw Chango. Ogun repeated to her that Chango did something to her. Ogun turned and looked at Chango and asked him why did he disrespect him for, come to his house and take his wife. Chango with a roar told Ogun that the same way he barged into the house of his parents and violated his mother, this was pay back. And with that said and done Chango leaped from the balcony that was high up in his castle straight to where Ogun was at. Before Chango touched the floor a thunderbolt landed right next to Ogun that made him fall back quite a few feet. Chango and Ogun started a battle that lasted for hours. As Chango’s guards watched in confusion because they did not want to get involved between these 2 brothers wrath. The 2 orishas fought against each other. Chango threw thunderbolt after thunderbolt hitting the ground where Ogun’s feet were. Ogun with each leap got close to Chango and swayed his machete hitting Chango. These 2 orishas gave each other bruise after bruise. Oya seeing all of this wanted this to stop, so she blew her winds so far and fast until her cries reached to the ears of Obatala. She then glided on towards them both. 

Obatala who heard Oya’s cries came fast on his horse to see what was going on. When he reached Chango’s castle he saw the 2 orishas fighting each other with Oya in the middle. Oya stood in the middle of them both trying to stop the battle but they both did not listen to her. The great Obatala approached them both and as he is the king and orisha of peace, his soft voice brought a silence over the kingdom of Chango. He demanded both of them to stop the brawl. Chango seeing his father threw himself at the great orisha of the white cloth in homage. Obatala lifted Chango up and gave him a hug. Ogun asked his father Obatala that why he was being so nice and humble to Chango when it was Chango that started all of this. Obatala asked Ogun in what way did Chango disrespect him. Ogun went and told him that Chango went to his house and took his wife Oya from him and now she is with him. Obatala turned and asked Chango if this was true and Chango proclaimed that it was. Chango then turned and told Obatala that it was revenge. Ogun screamed revenge and brought his machete high over his head to strike Chango. Immediately Chango raised his oshé to strike back. Obatala raised his hands and both orishas brought down there weapons. Chango told Ogun that it was revenge for him going to there fathers house and taking advantage on there mother Yembo. Chango said the same way you went in and took advantage, I went to your house and took advantage on your wife in which now she is mines. 

Obatala turned to Chango and told him that 2 wrongs don’t make a right and that was wrong on what he did. He continued to tell him that he shouldn’t have gone and barged into Ogun’s house and take Oya from him. Elegua who was present as usual bowed his head to Obatala and told him that Chango did not barge in that Oya let him in with no problem. Oya stated that it was true. She turned to her former husband Ogun and told him that she always loved and respected him but that Chango brought to her a wild fire passion that she has been yearning for a long time and it is with Chango she is going to stay with. Obatala told Chango to take Oya inside and he told Ogun to go back home and think of all the defects that he did today. Chango asked Obatala why was he so easy on his brother Ogun. Chango asked where was his punishment in which Obatala said Ogun already has received his punishment. Chango turned and took Oya inside and peace was brought back to the kingdom of Chango. 

Chango’s feast day is December 4th. He is the owner of fire and passion as well. Chango loves to drink, dance and eat. His sacrificial animals are rams, roosters, turtles, cornish hens and guinea hens. His favorite food is cornmeal with okra and he loves red apples and green bananas. He is the orisha that brings justice to mankind. Chango rides day and night looking to bring justice to his father Obatala and Olofi. The drums beat in his heart. He loves everything perfect and nothing deformed. His children are very outgoing people. They love to drink and party and they have a passion and fire on their tongues that they conquer all battles when they use their head. Chango is friends to all the orishas except to his brother Ogun that they are constantly in battle whenever they are in front of each. But never the less, Chango aides and loves the children of Ogun and vice versa. Chango is a great friend and ally to have in your corner. He keeps a close eye on his children and he protects them to the fullest from everything. 

Chango is able to breathe fire from his mouth. He found out the secret from the herb orisha Osain who gave him Abocun which is the secret of the fire. Chango keeps Abocun deep in his mortar locked in a safe room. When Chango is going to battle he first goes to Abocun to gain the secret of the fire. He puts it on his tongue and is instantly able to blow fire from his mouth. He then rides out with his daughter Aiña, who is the heat of the fire. Abocun was found by Oya who was snooping around Chango’s castle and saw the lock door. As the air we breathe she passed right through and put the secret of Abocun on her tongue and from that day she was able to breathe fire from her mouth. 

In the religion Palo Mayombe, Chango is represented by the palo deity Siete Rayos who share the same characteristics as the orisha Chango. They are not the same but the share a lot of similarities. 

While a storm is going on where there is lightning and thunder, you should always salute Chango with his salutations. “Kabi O Sile” The great king. If you see a thunderbolt hit the ground, after the rain has subdued, go to where the bolt hit and dig a hole. It is said that he leaves traces of his thunderbolt through a black stone that is called and odu ara (lightning bolt stone). He loves this stone and all of his followers wear this stone around their necks or on them to represent the orisha. 

Dada y Ibañi 

Dada and Ibañi are the orisha of new born children. Dada and Ibañi are siblings to the orisha Chango. Dada was the orisha who raised her little brother Chango when he was thrown out by Obbatala due to the ordeal that Ogun caused on Yembo. Dada is used to ensure the crown of the priest or priestess. She is received to reaffirm your crown so you do not lose it. She is accompanied by Ibañi, who sits as a crown that was given back to her brother Chango when he lost his head and crown due to hot head. Dada is represented in a wooden vessel similar to the one used by Agallu where her secrets are kept. Her mysteries take a lot of things that are placed inside of this wooden vessel. Ibañi is represented by the crown that sits on top of Dada that is adorned with shells and beads. Her colors are red and white as Chango but they have a specific order in which they go. 2 white followed by 2 red until completion with shells. 6 braids of a girl is also used to adorn the crown of Ibañi. These braids must be from a virgin girl and must be black. On top of the crown, priest adorned it with African grey feathers which show royalty. Inside of Ibañi, the priest will pack it with different secrets and mysteries pertaining to Dada and the guardian angel that originally is crowned on the priest/ess head. 

It is said that Dada is a orisha that shouldn’t be given out to everyone because of the simple fact that you are giving your crown to someone else and ultimately you will fall. Especially if you have a specific sign in that you definetly cant give it. This orisha lives on top of Chango 6 months or for the remaining of your life depending on the sign or oddun that you bring with Dada. Her sacrificial animals are the same foods that Chango eats. In some houses, Dada’s mysteries are born but are fed with Obatala and Osun which he is the owner and ruler of all heads whether you are initiated or not. Both procedures are correct. Dada does have children but he is not crowned on the head actually. If there is a child of Dada which is rare and has not been seen in ages, they are initiated into Chango’s realm and are given Dada and Ibañi’s secrets aside and live on top of Chango forever. 

One pataki says that Chango had lost his crown due to his stubbornness and a king is not a king without their crown. His sister Dada who she always was with Ibañi, saw the way Chango was not respected as king. Ibañi told Chango that he would be his crown and he will make his crown more fundament. Chango placed Ibañi on his head and walked back into his kingdom where he was noticed as the king once more. Dada helped raise Chango alongside with Maselobi. You can say she was like his nanny but in reality she was his sister. 


Oggue is the orisha that represents the horns of animals. He lives with Chango or alongside of him. He was a gift that Oya gave to Chango. Oggue is represented by a set of bull horns. He does not mount or get initiated. He was given to Chango because one day Chango’s enemies tried to poison the orisha with a pigeon. When Chango was about to eat the pigeon he grew weak and Oggue knew something was wrong. So Oggue offered to eat the pigeon and when he did he noticed that it was indeed poisoned to kill Chango. From that day forward Chango does not eat pigeon. Who eats pigeon is Oggue for Chango due to that pact that they have. He rumbles over all obstacles that lay in Chango’s path and the path of all initiates who have him. His dance is represented by placing your forefingers on your head and imitating the movement of a bull. 

The Ibejis 

The Ibejis or the divine twins are 2 of the most adorable orishas in our community. They are small but very powerful. These orishas are given to priest/ess to overcome difficulty within our everyday lives. They are represented by 2 small vessels that are the same and 2 dolls that are also the same. One usually a male and the other a female. The girl is dressed in blue and the boy is dressed in red and white. They both have the necklaces of the 5 major orishas that are given to every new initiate. They love to be kids and toys should be put to them. The Ibejis just at Elegua love cakes and parties and they are summons when something is really hard to obtain. That’s by either throwing them a party in their name or just attending to them. 

They do not have children that they are crowned to but it is said and believed that when a mother gives birth to a set of twins, their guardian angel is either Chango or Yemaya. You usually will bring the guardian angel of one of them and if it comes out Chango, the other twin is automatically a child of Yemaya and vice versa. The next child the mother bears following the twins is usually a child of Oshun, due to that Ideu is the third child that Oshun bore after the divine twins. 

The twins are children of Oshun with Chango. Oshun became pregnant and stepped out the scene of the orishas to tend to her secret pregnancy. After the twins were born she secretly rushed to her sister Yemaya’s house. Yemaya who was wondering where her sister Oshun was for such a long time greeted her and there is where she found out why Oshun was lost. Oshun told Yemaya that she was too young to nurture for her twins and that Yemaya would be a better mother that can give them all they needed. So Yemaya took them as her own. Oshun as a gift to her kids gave them a necklace of hers. 

These twins were said to have defeated Olosi (the devil) by making his life impossible. Olosi was walking the earth planning to attack the humans on earth and the twins who saw Olosi decided to have some fun with him. They attacked him with the sounds of the drums and playful tricks. Every time Olosi would try to chase one, he would disappear and the other one would come out from where he was hiding. Olosi did not know that they were twins, he believed that there was only one. Olosi grew so tired of chasing that he retreated back to where he came from and the twins were praised. 

Another story says that one time Obatala’s enemies were trying to kill him for always changing the ways that they were living. His enemies went to Obatala’s cook and bribed him to be on their side. They offered him a better pay and a better life for him. Obatala’s cook gave in and agreed. Obatala is allergic and does not like salt in his foods and that’s how his enemies were going to get rid of Obatala. The twins overheard this and told Obatala what was planned for him. Obatala did an ebbo and found out that it was true what the twins were telling him. For their courageous efforts, Obatala gave them a white bead each in his name. 

Their sacrifical foods are male chickens and pigeons. What you give to one you must give to the other. Their sacrificial foods are cooked and served to them on 2 plates. When you want to resolve something with them, you can make a shrine for them and throw them a simple party where other kids are at with cakes, foods, toys and your everyday party favors. But make sure what you serve to the other kids at the party, you must place the same for the Ibejis. 


Aiña is one of Chango’s children. She is a girl that represents his fire. Not the secret but she represents his fire. She is said just to be like her father and when Chango goes to war, she goes alongside of him burning everything in her path. She eats the same as her father Chango. She lives in a red vessel with her secrets and mysteries. She also takes a guiro where her other secrets are placed. This is said to hang in the house of Chango’s followers but not where anybody walks under. You should keep a glass of water next to Aiña so she can keep the fire out of your house and path. When one is at war, you place Aiña next to Chango and you wear her ceremonial necklace that is made up of fire red beads. 


This orisha is said to live with either Chango or Orisha Oko. Irawo is represented by a shooting star or comet. It is said that Chango rode Irawo to earth. If you look up in the dark sky of ara onu, you can see Irawo soaring across the sky. 


He is one of Chango’s guards. He is represented by a wooden statue with an oshé on top of his head. This statues is painted or dressed in red and white and sometimes he is riding a horse. He has his own tureen that sits next to Chango. 


This is the orisha that is the secret of Chango’s fire that he lets out of his mouth when he is at war or upset.

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~ Chamalongo/Obi/Cowrie Shell Readings ~

* © information that is taught to the initiated students of Ye Olde Dark Arts Coven-Tradition once they receive Luceros*

Chamalongos or Kujamputu are the divination tools that a Tata/Yaya Nganga use when working with clients. This method comes from the Congo-Cuban religious practice of Palo Mayombe and  is the primary method used with the spirits and Nkisis.  They are made from a coconut husk that has had the flesh removed, shaped, sanded, prepared and consecrated in a Palo ceremony given only to initiated Tatas and Yayas as it draws upon the spiritual pact made with NOT only the Nfumbe that resides within the Nganga but the Nkisi as well.  This system is primaraly used by initiates that have Luceros in Palo, Eshus, Warriors and of course one of the many different caminos of Eleggua in Lucumi although it is called Obi in this practice.  This is also used in traditional Ifa Orisha practices to speak to the orishas and for ancestral communication

There is also a four cowrie shell system that is used to communicate with the Ancestors  but this also something that is prepared and consecrated in a special ceremony and given only to those that are initiated.  I have seen in some houses where cowrie shells are used instead of Chamalongos and Obi.

How the Chamalongos/Obi/Four Cowrie Shells Work

The Chamalongos are used to answer yes or no questions and do so very effectively so you will pretty much know if you have all the materials needed to cast spell work for clients and that they have been set up properly,the confirmation of messages the spirits have given, if anything has been overlooked and most importantly if the spirits will give permission to proceed with the work and if any other course of action needs to be taken.

The instructions given to the Palero/a by both the Nfumbe and Nkisi are the cornerstone of our spellwork which is why it is essential to confirm that we are interpreting the messages clearly. We also confirm if the instructions given are NOT from a dark spirit, since NOT all spirits are helpful. The answers are given when the chamalongos are tossed on the floor and depending on how the pieces fall the letter is given that is the answer.

How to Conduct a Chamalongo/Cowrie Shell/Obi Reading

The first step before conducting a Chamalongo reading is to set the area of the consultation up and once that is done and you have taken the proper cleansing bath are the prayers that are taught orialy to you by your Padrino/Madrina.  Yeah sure anyone can toss coconut and cowrie shells, but not everyone can take a yes/no line of questioning in the right direction to flesh out all of the details you need for the work to be done right.

The opening prayers start by invoking the authority of  the supreme force of nature that created everything God the Creator (Nsambimpungo in Palo, Olofi in Lukumi) , then on to the special salutations given to spirits you are addressing. The prayer is finished with an identification of yourself by your initiatory name, and a simple explanation of what you are seeking to do.

The most important question asked is always  “Are you willing to assist me with this?” followed by an opening toss of the chamalongos. If the answer is affirmative then proceed with breaking down the situation of the client into a series of simple questions to be ask.  If the questions are too elaborate you will not get the correct response needed and the chamalongos/cowries/obi will be become overheated in which case they must be refreshed or “cooled down”.

The 5 Letters of a Chamalongo/Cowire/Obi Reading

There are 5 primary letters in which the chamalongos speak which are similar to the ones used in both the Lukumi tradition and in the Traditional Ifa Orisha Practices. Below using both the diagrams of the Chamalongos/Obi and the Cowrie shells you can see how they are interpreted.  The the white circles or opened mouths indicate concave-side up, while the dark circles or closed mouthes indicate concave-side down.

oyeku-120x75  (Alafia)  Answer: Yes.  This can be a sign for good health, Peace and Tranquility and Money blockages being removed. If one coconut sits on another it is a special blessing called “Alafia with Ire”. This layout signifies well-being. No need to ask again.

okana-120x76 (Etawa)  Answer: “Weak Yes”.  You need to throw the chamalongos a second time to determine if the answer is yes or no. Now it could be your question may become a strong yes with spiritual work or a cleansing. Or the answer is uncertain or the Spirits are neutral. If Etawe falls there may have been a mistake in the divination procedure or the question may need to be reformulated. It is also possible that the topic of questioning is not the topic of true concern. Offer the spirits a small offering such as rum, honey, palm oil, or tobacco. Ask again, more elaborately.

ejife-120x75 (Ejife)  Answer: Balanced Yes. Ejife is the strongest and most definite answer.  If the two white coconut fall on each other (touch or lay on each other) it is called “Ire” which is especially good blessing. This is a special sign! No need to ask again.

etawa-120x79 (Ocana)  Answer: No. The Reader should reformulate the question so that it can be answered. This is an important letter! First, it says you must give ebbo or sacrifice to your Eggun or Spirit for a positive outcome.

Second, you must ask again, and keep changing the question until the Spirit gives you the root problem. There is a warning here of bad magic or a negative person who is causing problems. Keep asking the Spirit until you discover where the problem lies. Once you have a “Yes” answer ( Is it my brother? Is it my neighbor? , etc.) the issue is over. The root problem must be dealt with.

alafia-120x75  (Oyeku) Answer: No. This is a very dark omen and indicates not only complete failure but that death or the spirits of the dead are lurking in the area and demanding attention.  The Reader should immediately ask again, this time asking what Spirit a sacrifice must be given to and what it wants in order to “kill” the sign – or not allow misfortune to befall the client  before continuing back with your original line of questions.

Closing a Chamalongo/Cowrie/Obi Reading 
Once everything with regards to the client has been answered the final step I do with the chamalongos is to close out the reading with the Nfumbe or Nkisi is by asking “Is everything ncheche bacheche with me?” This is their opportunity to let me know if I need to cleanse myself with a special symbol, prayers to elevate my spirits, perform an extra spiritual work. Once they give an affirmative answer, the reading is closed and recorded so that both you and the client have something to refer to at a later time if a situation needs to be revisited.


Copyright © 2002 – Present Black Witch’s Magick

All Artwork And Information Seen On This Website MAY NOT be copied, edited, published, reproduced, transmitted nor uploaded in anyway without written consent and approval. My images ARE NOT for the public domain to use. All my work is REGISTERED and PROTECTED under International Copyright Laws. All Rights Reserved